Over 2 crore candidates apply for 1 lakh Indian railway jobs. Has the government failed to create jobs for the people? How can we make this better?
Over 2 crore candidates apply for 1 lakh Indian railway jobs. Has the government failed to create jobs for the people? How can we make this better?Lets start from this MHRD Report, where there are approximately 3.4 Crore graduates (UG, PG, MBA, M.Phil, PhD) coming out of colleges every year in India. Assuming none of them pursue higher studies , or go abroad, all of them have to search for some job in India (be it campus placements, off-campus or self-employment). India is projected to add 1.10 crore people to global workforce by 2020. Obviously there is a gap, and its not a small one.Now the question is how can we make it better?. Government is trying the best, but its not the lack of jobs, but many factors on the candidate’s side. And lets face it- government ALONE cannot pryou jobs today.According to this survey and report by Aspiring Minds:No significant improvement in employability in the last four years We did the previous large scale study of employability of engineers in 2014. We had found that only 18.43% of engineers were employable for the software services sector, 3.21% for software products and 39.84% for a non-functional role such as Business Process Outsourcing. Unfortunately, we see no massive progress in these numbers. These numbers as of today stand at: 17.91%, 3.67% and 40.57% respectively for IT Services, IT Products and Business Process Outsourcing. This is despite the fact that the number of engineering seats have not increased in the past year. We are not inferring that all initiatives for employability improvement have failed and there may be pockets of excpresent. However, the need of the hour is to find these pockets and scale them up to make an exponential impact on employability. This is crucial for India to continue its growth story and achieve the PM's vision of India becoming the human resource provider for the whole world.So the problem is not just the employment generation, but the employ-ability of students.A worryingly low employability percentage of 3.67% has been observed for this role. This is because jobs in IT product companies require a strong understanding of computer programming and algorithms. The study found that candidates strongly lacked the required skills: around 90.72% of graduating engineers do not have the desired programming and algorithm skills required for IT product companies, whereas 72.77% show lack of soft-skills and 59.40% lack cognitive skills.The above is for IT industry. The following are the findings for non-IT (designer and engineer roles):Within this job role, we tried to investigate trade-specific employability. The engineers belonging to civil, chemical, electrical, electronics and mechanical backgrounds were analyzed for their employability for a Design Engineer role. Herein, the engineers with electronics background were found to be the most employable of the lot (7.07%), followed by engineers with a civil engineering background. The least employability amongst these roles was recorded for Chemical Design Engineer (1.64%). The reasons for the same can be attributed to the current industry and market needs which in effect decide the prospects and pursuits of these trades.So, there is a hige skill gap and many students from the top colleges are found in want of skills. The below shows the skill gap for the students of Top 100 colleges vs the restGiven that the ratio of the number of top 100 campuses to the rest is almost 1 is to 10, one can conservatively ethat more than 70% of the employable engineers for the IT product role and more than 80% for IT services and KPO, are in the so-called Tier 2 campuses. According to current trends, IT product and KPO companies do not source candidates from Tier 2 campuses which creates a large artificial dip in the supply of eligible candidates. This is in line with what was reported in the 2011 and 2014 National Employability Reports for engineers by Aspiring Minds10 .There are many reasons for this, and not everything can be heaped upon the Government.Many candidates applying for a job do not know what they want out of it. “Why do you want this job/role?”, is a common question asked in many job interviews. In the analytics company I work for, we conducted an off-campus drive for the position of BA, and one of the answers I received was that the aspirant loves to make predictions, and hence would like to join our company (as a BA). This is a problem even in elite MBA colleges. People join a company by looking at its “brand name”, and the other ‘facilities’ offered [good cafeterias, lounges, weekend offs etcc…]. Nobody seems to be bothered to work or have any idea of what the role involves. What are we supposed to do with such people?.There are many constraints posed by the applicants. A person from North India might not want to travel or settle in Chennai [weather, food, language are cited as reasons]. As the old Tamil saying goes :”If you next meal is in China, better learn Chinese”. You are willing to travel to Germany/ Japan/ France, but not to Chennai. Females do not want to extend beyond 9 PM , even though cab facilities are available. I am all for a healthy work life balance, but then - No pain, No gain. Life is full of risks and uncertainties. One has to learn to deal with it.This is specific to manufacturing. Most Indians are not open to working in a manufacturing environment. IT is saturated today and farming is non-profitable. Only option is factories and high intensive labor jobs. There are not much takers to it.Last comes our Indian attitude towards big corporations and industries. My state Tamil Nadu has become the ‘Protest capital of India’, in the recent times and all of them are opposed to big corporates (under the guise of environment protection). Till we let go of this attitude, we can never have jobs for our future generations.